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Helaine Bader

HealthyWomen's Vice President of Education

Helaine Bader is a passionate public health advocate and the vice president of education for HealthyWomen. She has spent the last 20 years in the fields of health education, communications and advocacy — helping people understand how to stay healthy and prevent disease; working with grassroots organizations to address health disparities and health literacy in communities throughout the U.S.; and bringing multidisciplinary organizations, experts, and institutions together to tackle issues through collective action.

Early in her career, Helaine conducted epidemiological research in the perinatology department at a hospital and worked as a fellow in the breast cancer division of the National Cancer Institute. She later managed the global communications strategy for a Center of Excellence in Drug Discovery at GlaxoSmithKline. From 2004 to 2010, Helaine worked for Digene (later QIAGEN), directing the global advocacy efforts in cervical cancer. She has consulted with numerous organizations over the years, helping create and implement culturally appropriate educational and awareness campaigns to address disparities in health. Helaine is also co-author of "New Dimensions in Women's Health," now in its eighth edition. Helaine has a bachelor of arts degree from the University of Pennsylvania and a master in public health degree for the University of Pittsburgh.

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Bleeding Disorders in Girls and Women

Bleeding Disorders in Girls and Women

Are you at risk for a bleeding disorder?

Created With Support

Medically reviewed by Dr. Meera Chitlur

infographic on bleeding disorders. Click the image to open the pdf

A bleeding disorder is a condition that keeps your blood from clotting properly to stop bleeding.

Did you know?

Up to 1% of girls and women in the U.S. have a bleeding disorder — and many don’t know it.


If you have any of the following symptoms, you may have a bleeding disorder:

- Heavy menstrual periods. This includes a period that lasts more than 7 days or a period where you soak through your pad or tampon in 1 to 2 hours

- Bruise easily, often for no reason, especially if bruises are raised and larger than a quarter

- Frequent nosebleeds that last longer than 10 minutes

- Bleeding from cuts or scrapes that lasts longer than 5 to 10 minutes

- Heavy bleeding after any surgery, including dental surgery and tooth extraction or after childbirth

- Low iron or anemia

Types of Bleeding Disorders

Blood clotting, which is what causes bleeding to stop, involves different proteins, called factors, that each play a very important role in the process of stopping bleeding.A factor deficiency is when one of those proteins involved in clotting is low or missing resulting in bleeding disorders. Some examples of bleeding disorders include Von Willebrand Disease and Hemophilia.

Von Willebrand Disease (VWD):

  • The most common bleeding disorder in women
  • Clotting protein called von Willebrand factor is low, missing or doesn’t work as it’s supposed to
  • An inherited condition that affects men and women equally
  • Diagnosed in 5% to 24% of women with heavy periods

Hemophilia: Women and girls can have deficiencies of factor VIII (8), also known as hemophilia A, or factor IX (9), also known as hemophilia B.

Other rare factor deficiencies:

Deficiency of Factors’ I (1), II (2), V (5), VII (7), X (10), XI (11), XII (12) and XIII (13) are all rare bleeding disorders.

Platelet disorders:

Platelets play an important role in the blood-clotting process — A person can have a bleeding disorder when they have too few platelets, or the platelets don’t work like they should. Examples of platelet disorders include Glanzmann Thrombasthenia and Bernard Soulier Syndrome.

Getting a Diagnosis

Many women have difficulty getting a diagnosis. If you have symptoms, speak to your healthcare provider (HCP) about a possible bleeding disorder. Your HCP can use a variety of methods to make a diagnosis, such as:

- Health history, including details about your bleeding

- Physical exam

- Various lab tests

Tip: Before your first appointment, track your period and symptoms so you’re prepared to answer any questions from your HCP.

To see if your symptoms could be the result of a bleeding disorder, check out this quiz: Better You Know

This resource was created with support from the National Hemophilia Foundation


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