Are You At Risk for Diabetes?

If your overweight, don't exercise or have close relatives with diabetes, it may be time to get tested.

Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body produces too little insulin or can't use available insulin efficiently. Insulin is a hormone vital to helping the body use digested food for growth and energy.


You are at higher risk for developing diabetes if you are overweight, don't exercise and are over 30 or have close relatives with diabetes, especially Type 2 diabetes—where the pancreas makes insulin, but the body does not respond to it properly (insulin resistance). Higher-risk ethnic groups include African American, Latino/Hispanic, Native American, Alaskan Native, Asian or Pacific Islander American.

The term "prediabetes" describes an increasingly common condition in which blood glucose (also called blood sugar) levels are higher than normal but are not yet diabetic. About 86 million Americans have prediabetes, in addition to the 29.1 million with diabetes. Prediabetes is now recognized as a risk factor for developing diabetes later in life. Get tips to fend off prediabetes now.

If you are 45 or older, you should be screened for diabetes. A normal initial test should be followed up with retesting at three-year intervals or at the frequency recommended by your health care professional based on your personal health history and other risk factors you may have.

For individuals at high risk for developing diabetes, the guidelines issued by leading health professional organizations recommend that screening begin at age 30. These conditions, in addition to those described above, can raise your risk of developing diabetes.

  • Having blood pressure at or above 140/90 mm/Hg
  • Having abnormal blood fat levels, such as high-density lipoproteins (HDL) less than 40 mg/dL or triglycerides greater than 200 mg/dL
  • Test results showing impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose (between 100 and 125 mg/dL after an overnight fast) and a blood glucose level of 140-199 mg/dl two hours after drinking the glucose drink provided in the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
ADVERTISEMENT

How Inequity Gets Built Into America’s Vaccination System

People eligible for the coronavirus vaccine are running up against barriers that are designed into the very systems meant to serve those most at risk of dying of the disease.

Prevention & Screenings

Vape Sellers Are Using Popular Music Videos to Promote E-Cigarettes to Young People – and It’s Working

Teens and young adults spend several hours a day looking at their phones and watching videos, many of which might contain product placements for vaping.

Your Health

How to Get Prior Authorization for Your Patients

92% of doctors report that prior authorizations cause delays in patient care

Created With Support