Medically reviewed by Dr. Elizabeth Liotta
What is atopic dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common type of eczema and can affect any part of the body.
Different body zones should get different types of care.
Did you know?
AD causes inflammation inside and outside the body. Even when skin is clear, the inflammation is still under your skin.
Symptoms of AD
Hives (red, swollen, itchy bumps)
Burning or itchy skin
Broken skin caused from scratching or dry skin
Eczema looks different on different skin types and tones and sometimes can be mistaken for dry skin.
Be sure to tell your healthcare provider about any pain, itchiness, irritation or skin changes and any products that might be affecting your skin.
The “itch-scratch cycle” is when itching leads to scratching, which leads to more inflammation, which leads to more itching.
Fragrances, dyes or alcohols are common triggers for AD. Try to avoid them in your everyday products and clothing.
There’s no cure for eczema, but learning triggers and finding treatment options that work for you can help.
General treatment options include:
Creams and ointments
Oral or injectable corticosteroids
Lukewarm baths with or without oatmeal, oils or baking soda
Bandages and wet wraps
Where is your AD?
The location of your AD can change your treatment options.
Eyelids, armpits, mouth and groin
Face, mouth and neck
Elbows, ears, knees, wrists, ankles, hands and feet
Vagina (vulvar dermatoses)
This resource was created with support from Regeneron and Sanofi Genzyme.
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