Pregnancy Eating Plan

Ask the Expert

Q:

What does an eating plan for a pregnant woman look like?


A:

Interestingly, it looks similar to a healthy eating plan for an adult woman who isn't pregnant, just with more calories and special attention to certain vitamins and minerals. During pregnancy women should eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain products, lean meats or meat substitutes and lowfat dairy foods. Foods with little nutritional value, such as sweets and fats, should be consumed sparingly. You should also drink plenty of fluids, although avoid drinking alcohol, and limit caffeinated beverages. During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy your body and the baby's body are growing so you need about 300 more calories and about 10 extra grams of protein each day. In addition, you need additional iron, calcium, zinc, folic acid and B6 for your baby's growth.

Because it is important to get enough folic acid in the months before you conceive, your diet should contain plenty of foods with naturally occurring folate, such as orange juice, green leafy vegetables, beans, peanuts, broccoli, asparagus, peas and lentils. To make sure you meet your vitamin and mineral needs, your health care provider will likely prescribe a prenatal multivitamin. Protein, calorie and calcium requirements can easily be met from food sources. By having three servings from the milk group, four servings from the vegetable group, two to three servings from the fruit group, two to three servings from the meat or meat substitutes group, and seven to nine servings from the bread/grain group, you will be on your way to a nutritionally healthy pregnancy.

These recommendations are for healthy adult women. Teenagers and women with special needs should contact their provider or a registered dietitian for specific advice.

The following Web sites provide additional information on pregnancy and nutrition:

ADVERTISEMENT

How I Found New Relief With Migraine Disease

I was plagued with migraine disease for decades and finally found relief with a new doctor, new diagnosis, new medication, and a new career.

Real Women, Real Stories

America's Obesity Epidemic Threatens Effectiveness of Any COVID Vaccine

In America, the promise of the coronavirus vaccine is hampered by a vexing epidemic that long preceded COVID-19: obesity.

Your Health

Health Care Workers of Color Nearly Twice as Likely as Whites to Get COVID-19

Health care workers of color were more likely to care for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, more likely to report using inadequate or reused protective gear, and nearly twice as likely as white colleagues to test positive for the coronavirus.

Your Care