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Joseph Ciccolo, PhD

Joseph T. Ciccolo, Ph.D., is a Program Director in the Tobacco Control Research Branch (TCRB) within the Behavioral Research Program (BRP) of the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS) at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). His primary research interests are broadly focused on the efficacy of novel clinical treatments for addiction and mental illness. His specific area of interest has been cigarette smoking cessation in high-risk and hard-to-reach populations. He is particularly interested in mechanisms of change and behavioral strategies that can be used to help smokers quit.

Prior to joining NCI, Dr. Ciccolo was the Principal Investigator of multiple NIH-funded clinical trials, and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biobehavioral Sciences at Teachers College, Columbia University. He also was a regular grant reviewer for the Center for Scientific Review and has served as a Senior Associate Editor and an editorial board member for several scientific journals. To date, Dr. Ciccolo has authored over 70 original scientific papers, reviews, and other publications. After receiving his Ph.D. from The University of Texas at Austin, he completed an NIH-funded T32 postdoctoral fellowship at the Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Full Bio
older woman doing exercises on a yoga mat

Avoiding Osteoporosis

Ask the Expert


I've increased my calcium intake, but would like to give myself an even better chance at avoiding osteoporosis through exercise. What are the best exercises for promoting bone density?


Any tension put on your bones will help increase their strength and density. Weight- or load-bearing exercises and resistance training (weight-lifting) can do this. A regular, comprehensive full-body exercise program incorporating both types of exercise can decrease your risk of developing osteoporosis.

Weight-bearing exercises force your body to work against gravity and include any exercise in which your feet and legs bear your total body weight. This action puts stress on your bones to help them become stronger. Walking, running, step aerobics or tennis are weight- or load-bearing exercises, but swimming, bicycling or using an elliptical machine are not.

Resistance training, or weight-lifting, works differently. These exercises put tension on the tendon attached to the bone, increasing its strength.

Here is an exercise that will provide both weight-bearing and resistance training benefits:

  • Lie flat on your back.
  • Bend your knees, keeping your feet flat on the floor.
  • Place arms by your side, palms down.
  • Raise your buttocks up off the floor and squeeze for 5 to 8 seconds.
  • Release and relax, lowering buttocks to floor.
  • Do 20 to 25 repetitions.
  • If this exercise becomes too easy, try performing it while raising one foot off the floor and maintaining balance with the other leg.
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