Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)

Effectiveness: Nearly 100 percent (less than 1 pregnancy per 100 women each year).

What is it? A vasectomy is an out-patient procedure to close or cut the vas deferens (tubes inside the scrotum) to prevent sperm from being released from the man’s body. The man continues to make semen, but it does not contain sperm. The vasectomy is not effective for about 3 months; a doctor will perform a sperm test to determine when the vasectomy can be relied on to prevent pregnancy.

How does it work? It prevents sperm from being released.

STD protection: No; you will still need to use condoms if you are concerned about STDs.

Benefits: It can be an excellent choice with few side effects if you are finished having children or don't plan to have children. In the long-term, it may be one of the least-expensive methods of birth control.

Disadvantages: It is considered permanent. It is surgery and therefore carries some risk and involves a brief recovery period. Short-term tenderness and bruising may occur, but there is little risk of pain or infection. Serious complications are rare, but always talk with your health care provider about risks and benefits.

Availability: Sterilization is done by a health care professional in a medical office, clinic or hospital.

Cost: $350 to $1,000. It may be covered by insurance.*

Notes: Because sterilization is meant to be permanent, there may be state or federal requirements, such as waiting periods or age restrictions. Some doctors may not be willing to sterilize young women with no children.

* The Affordable Care Act requires insurance companies to cover with no co-pay any FDA-approved contraceptive method prescribed by your doctor, including barrier methods, hormonal methods, implanted methods, emergency contraception, female sterilization and patient education and counseling. These estimated costs apply to women who do not have insurance coverage or who work for a "religious employer," who may be exempt from providing contraceptive coverage. For details about what your insurance covers, contact your benefits coordinator or health insurance provider.


How Inequity Gets Built Into America’s Vaccination System

People eligible for the coronavirus vaccine are running up against barriers that are designed into the very systems meant to serve those most at risk of dying of the disease.

Prevention & Screenings

Vape Sellers Are Using Popular Music Videos to Promote E-Cigarettes to Young People – and It’s Working

Teens and young adults spend several hours a day looking at their phones and watching videos, many of which might contain product placements for vaping.

Your Health

How to Get Prior Authorization for Your Patients

92% of doctors report that prior authorizations cause delays in patient care

Created With Support